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Balanitis

Overview

It is an inflammation of the glans penis. In human males, penis is an external sexual organ. In human penis, there are three columns of tissues. Two corpora cavernosa and one corpus spongiosum. In the end of the corpus spongiosum, it becomes enlarged and forms glans penis. Foreskin covers the glans penis. By retracting the foreskin of the penis, we can see glans penis. Glans penis is homologous to the clitoral glans in the female. It affects nearly 11% of adult males and 3% children. Its diagnosis can be made with the help of cultures and biopsy.
Types of balanitis:

    * Zoon's balanitis
    * Circinate balanitis
    * Pseudoepithelimatous keratotic and micaceous balanitis


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Causes

Any trauma can cause balantis. Environmental substances causing irritation can also lead to this condition. An infection can be caused by pathogens. Excessive washing of genitals can cause it. A diabetic patient is more likely to have it.


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Signs & Symptoms

    * Small red erosion on the glans penis
    * Purulent discharge
    * Phimosis occurs which is hardness of the foreskin and this causes the increased chances of infection.

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Prevention

Good hygienic conditions are the best means of prevention.


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Treatments
Antibiotic Treatment and Washing Modern Medicine

In severe cases we use peroxidase powder and arsphenamine. Penicillin and other antibiotics are also effective. Peroxidase powder is given to create aerobic conditions as the organisms can survive in the anaerobic condition.
Simple balanitis can cured by proper washing.

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