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Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia

Overview

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a medical condition often seen in males of the age 40-45 years and more. Under this condition there is enlargement of the prostate. This prostate enlargement is benign in nature. The prostate is a gland found in men and it is located between the bladder and the urethra. Due to the enlargement of the prostate gland the urethra is pressed down and the passing of urine becomes slow and less forceful due to it.


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Causes

The prostate gland enlarges during the adolescent age and again at the age of 50 years. This enlargement occurs due to certain hormonal changes. Benign prostatic hyperplasia is called due to excessive amount of hormonal release in the body of the patient.


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Signs & Symptoms

The patient suffering from benign prostatic hyperplasia has the following symptoms:-

  • The patient may begin passing off urine more frequently throughout the day and night.
  • The patient may experience difficulty in starting the process of urinating.
  • Dribbling may be start after urination ends.
  • Less urination may be passed on the average and less forcefully.
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Prevention

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Treatments
Surgery Modern Medicine

Mild symptoms are known to get better on their own. Minimal invasive treatment is done to rectify the problem of benign prostatic hyperplasia. Through this technique the heat therapy is used to destroy the enlarged prostate tissues pressing the urethra. Surgery is done in patients who suffer from serious condition of benign prostatic hyperplasia. Surgery is done through the urethra and may leave some side effects such as infection, bleeding and impotency, though all these are curable. Dutasteride and finasteride are the drug of choice to control the hormone that makes the prostate gland enlarged. Alpha blockers are also used as a drug of choice to treat this disease. Alfuzosin, doxazosin, tamsulosin, and terazosin are the drug of choice under the category of alph blockers.

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