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Chlamydia

Overview

Chlamydia infection is a bacterial infection that is transmitted from one person to another while sharing sexual intimacy. Chlamydia is considered as one of the most common STDs (sexually transmitted disease) that affects app. 1 million U.S. population. On an average, it has been observed that app. 5% of adult’s population and 10% of female adolescent population is infected from the disease. Chlamydia infection is commonly found in below mentioned groups:

  • African Americans
  • People living in urban areas
  • Young adults
  • Thos people who are having lower economic and social status.

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Causes

The infection is mainly caused due to bacteria. Bacteria known as Chlamydia trachomatis spreads from one body to another if a person is sexually active or involved with an infected person. Bacteria transmit to another body by undertaking anal, vaginal or anal sex. If a pregnant mother is infected from the disease, the chances are quite high that infection may pass from mother to child during vaginal childbirth.


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Signs & Symptoms

The condition does not show any symptom in both men and women (in 75% of the cases). In some cases, people might notice a burning sensation while urinating or any kind of abnormal discharge from the penis or vagina. Normally, it happens in the case of women that infection lingers for months or years without showing any symptom. It is due to the reason only, it is considered as the “Silent Epidemic”.

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Prevention

It is advised that if you are sexually active, then reduce the chances of getting infected from the Chlamydia infection by using condoms. If possible, then do go for a Chlamydia test every year as a precautionary measure. 


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Treatments
Antibiotics Modern Medicine

Chlamydia infection is easy to cure through antibiotics once it has been detected. Antibiotics that are recommended by professionals are described below:

  • Tetracycline
  • Erythromycin
  • Doxycycline
  • Azithromycin
  • Ciprofloxacin
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