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Hiv Infection

Overview

HIV (Human immunodeficiency Virus) infection is a condition that causes AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome). The condition normally results in destroying the immune system of the body, which eventually results in reducing the body’s ability to fight against infections. The infection can affect both males and females and usually can occur at any age. The infection is common in urban areas, though it is occurring at fast pace in rural areas also.


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Causes

The virus can spread into the body through following ways:

  • Through sexual contact that includes anal, vaginal and oral sex.
  • Through blood transfusions or needle sharing
  • The virus gets transmitted into fetus of pregnant mother through sharing blood circulation. By breast milk also, the virus gets transmitted from nursing mother to baby.

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Signs & Symptoms

Those people who are suffering from the infection do not experience symptoms up to 10 years. However, once a person gets affected from HIV infection, he can pass the infection to others. Some of the common symptoms of HIV infection are:

  • Diarrhea
  • Fever
  • Frequent vaginal yeast infections
  • Fatigue, headache
  • Muscle stiffness or aching
  • Sore throat
  • Rashes of various kinds
  • Swollen lymph glands
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Prevention

Adequate knowledge about the HIV infection is the only prevention of the condition. Avoid injecting illicit drugs; avoid doing sex without condoms, avoid maintaining multiple partners, etc are few ways that help in preventing contagious HIV infection


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Treatments
Drug Therapy Home Remedies

Health experts often recommend drug therapy for those patients, who are taking medications and whose CD4 count is below 500 cells/mm3. In the case of pregnant women and people having neurological or kidney problems, treatment is given irrespective of the level of CD4.

It is strictly advice that patients suffering from HIV infection must take medications regularly and in the prescribed manner. Otherwise, virus becomes resistant to drugs. The drug therapy involves antiviral drugs in combination with other drugs.

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